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This is known as gain-staging. In a pro environment this is done by watching the meters at each stage, setting levels to give the highest signal without ever going near distortion (leaving headroom). High signal gives a lower noise-floor, higher SNR (signal to noise ratio). In a semi-pro or consumer environment with no accurate metering you can really only ...


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Best practise these days when considering content normalization is not to normalize to an arbitrary peak level, but to consider programme content and overall loudness when conducting normalization activities. There are two areas of loudness that need to be considered: Integrated loudness - Integrated loudness measurement (in LUFS) made according to ITU-...


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