I have a E-MU Tracker Pre USB sound card that supports playback at up to 24-bit resolution and 192 kHz sampling rate. It works on Linux and plays both 16bit/44.1kHz and higher-bitrate content; both from files and streaming.

However, I heard that this card only works as 16bit/44.1kHz on Linux. How do I check the actual bit resolution and sampling rate the sound card uses? Supposedly by starting playback and entering some command line commands to read the actual values.

Using these instructions from a forum I was able to check the sample rate by doing

cat /proc/asound/card2/pcm0p/sub0/hw_params

I had to poke around and figure that card2 instead of card0 seems to be a working card on my system, but how do I know it's a E-MU Tracker Pre USB and not some other card, e.g. a built-in codec?

  • Is this a question or an answer ? You know you can answer your own questions here ?
    – audionuma
    Mar 29, 2021 at 9:57
  • 1
    Definitely, a question. I have added my attempts to resolve my issue, but it is not the complete answer: I still need to figure out bit resolution and know which card is which. Mar 29, 2021 at 11:53

1 Answer 1


This might depend on which distro you use, so you might need to tweak these commands somewhat.

If you look in /proc/asound and do a ls -alh in this directory, you should see a list of cards named card0, card1 and so on, a few symlinks pointing to the cardn directories, and also a file called cards.

If you cat cards, you'll get something similar to mine below:

 0 [PCH            ]: HDA-Intel - HDA Intel PCH
                  HDA Intel PCH at 0xa3230000 irq 128
 1 [MOXF6MOXF8     ]: USB-Audio - Yamaha MOXF6/MOXF8
                  Yamaha Corporation Yamaha MOXF6/MOXF8 at usb-0000:00:14.0-4.4.1, full speed
 2 [UR22mkII       ]: USB-Audio - Steinberg UR22mkII
                  Yamaha Corporation Steinberg UR22mkII at usb-0000:00:14.0-6.1, high speed
 3 [NVidia         ]: HDA-Intel - HDA NVidia
                  HDA NVidia at 0xa3080000 irq 17

The ID you see at the beginning matches the number in the various card-directories. You can verify this by going into a cardn-directory and cat'ing the file id, which should give you the same name.

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