You might be able to find some of what you seek here or here or if you really like Bose stuff here and one more to the list here.
All these links offer schematics which is all you need to start building as for comprehensive literature this may be a nice guide (but i have never read it so I don't know).
Just a word from an electrical engineer. Being a good circuit designer, or for that matter being a circuit designer at all takes a lot more than the basic understandings of the physics of circuits even though its important. While high school physics will get you to the point of building some great passive filters and maybe a few other things there is more to it than that. While important the physics will be a solid basis but formal electrical engineering training may help you a great deal. I might advise a book on circuits like this one (its the one I used back in college, good book) to build a basic understanding of electronics.
Please don't take this as a discouragement I only mean to encourage you to learn more about circuits to get to the point where you can take on a project like this. Seeing building and designing effects as an end goal is a good way to look at it.