On the context of an application I am working on for my Master's program on Sound Design, in which my role with a classmate was to compose / sound design small samples that convey emotions (such as fear, sadness, happiness, tenderness, ...) we started to question if through sound, UNRELATED to any context is it possible to convey surprise!
As a matter of comparison, if I present you to you all a very sad piece, in general we would all agree that the piece is sad, without needing to insert it in a context of any kind. Honestly I cannot think of the same happening with surprise. I think it's possible to be surprised if the sound is... well uncommon, surprising, after all. But is this the same as conveying emotion with melodies, timbres, etc.? Also, it might be surprising the first, maybe second time we hear it, but after it... well that's the thing with surprise, after all.
Maybe my line of thought is all wrong, but anyway, I am very curious to hear what this fantastic community has to say about it, and if you remember of any example.