For a while I've been looking for some good paperwork and overvieuws to gain my knowledge on rhythm in sound design. Few books I found have something to say about it and I'm wondering if there's any therminology written about it at all? I find this all very strange since rhythm is such an important element in Sound Design. Does anyone knows any literature for this?
Unfortunately I don't have a direct answer for you as far as reading sources are concerned. However in my own personal experience, I learned about rhythm and timing from back when I used to be a DJ at a winebar working with beat-matching vinyl and such. It gave my a very tactile, hands-on understanding of pitch, rhythm, and timing manipulation - and through the process I began to understand musical structures such as lead ins, lead outs, chorus, bridge, breakdowns, etc - and even in a DJ set it taught me how to create and manipulate structure (because long DJ sets are just like songs too! they have build ups and breakdowns based upon reading the crowd's energy). I find that sound design follows a similar suite to music with carefully-determined rises and falls in dynamics and frequency content. And in the case of scare moments, how you can take principals of rhythm and timing and turn them on their end to physiologically mess with the audience and give them a really good sound scare!
And interestingly enough, most of the sound designers and editors I know and have met have some sort of musically-inclined background, whether it be a Music degree, a recreational musician, a former studio/band musician, or other DJs. The degrees of background vary, but it seems the music is a common thread or "language" amongst sound designers.
Studying music theory may be a good place to start, but I feel that working with some sort of tactile source such as a music instrument or such could be of great benefit too. There is something to be said for the floodgates that tactile manipulation opens in terms of expressive creativity.